How to Understand It’s Time to Consider Auto Glass Replacement

Repair or replacement: when the car windshield becomes dangerous. Traffic rules do not strictly regulate the condition of the windshield, only prohibiting the operation of the car without it. But it doesn’t mean you should forget about the timely repair or auto glass replacement: they directly affect the inspection and hence the welfare of the driver and his passengers. But sometimes, a chip or a small crack in the windscreen makes you think whether to change it or better wait. Suddenly, another stone will fly from under the wheels tomorrow. So how do understand that it’s time to solve the problem by going to the service station, and dismissing all doubts.

For some reason, many motorists do not care about the condition of the windshield. Some manage to drive even when it is impossible to see the road behind a network of cracks. These are, of course, extreme cases, but they do occur. The conclusion in such situations is simple – the glass may fall at the wrong time on the driver’s knees.

No options

Triplex, consisting of three layers, holds fragments, making the glass safe, for example, when hit by stones (there is a special strong film between two layers of glass).

It is impossible to repair such a triplex, thus, the only replacement will save the situation. And to bring the part to a critical state is dangerous: if, during the day, it is still possible to see something through the network of cracks, then in the dark, you have to go almost blindly. Not only the lack of normal lighting but also the brightness of headlights that will repeatedly refract. In this case, the only right choice is auto glass replacement.

To be or not to be

But some defects really put before the choice: to repair or replace with a new one. Unfortunately, there is no consensus here. Experts in different companies give conflicting recommendations. The most careful recommendations are the repair of small chips up to 1 cm in diameter without cracks no longer than 5 cm.

Braver specialists are ready to restore the windshield with any chip or crack that does not occupy more than half the width or height of the glass. Listening to the latter is a risky business, threatening not only the money wasted for repairs but also an emergency situation if the next stone “finishes” the glass, which has already lost its strength.

But most agree that it is definitely not worth repairing the glass again. In addition, you will have to spend on a new windshield if the crack has reached the edge of the crack in the area where the “wipers” work, on the side where the driver is sitting.

Age makes its own adjustments

And here is another situation where the owner must replace the windshield. And in these cases, no repairs, restorations or restorations are provided. We are talking about natural wear and tear. On average, the windshield can withstand from 80,000 to 130,000 km if, of course, you have managed to save it from the notorious stones.

What happens to glass over time? It gets micro-cracks and scratches and loses strength and other quality characteristics. In addition, “tired” glass scatters light. But it is better not to resort to polishing: the surface is almost impossible to align, thus, auto glass replacement is on time.

High Pressure and Nitrogen Units

Platform mounted units.

 

Nitrogen System

Maximum Working Pressure 10,000 Psi
Hydrostatic Test 15,000 Psi
Tem. of Operation (min.) -20 oF (-29 oC)
Tem. Operating (max.) 120 oF (49 oC)
Hydra Rig NP200 Liquid Nitrogen Pump
Cold End 1.625 IN (4.128 CM)
Strokes 1.39 IN (3.539 CM)
Maximum Speed 1000 RPM
Vaporizer (boiler) Model A50478
Capacity 3000 SCFM
125 GPM heat exchanger

Information
High pressure units

400 HP self-transporting pump to circulate fluids with a maximum working pressure of 1,500 PSI, with expenses up to 4 bls / min. in continuous pumping, with indicators of pressure, flow and pumped volume.
Nitrogen Units

Trailer mounted, nitrogen unit, with 2,800 gallon liquid nitrogen tank (rated capacity), triplex high pressure pump, centrifugal charge pump, liquid nitrogen vaporizer, engine platform and everything needed for instrumentation and controls locally operated (listed in a climate controlled operator’s cabin).

All system components can be mounted directly to the trailer via the cross members in order to minimize weight.

 

ARTIFICIAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

Scenarios of application of comprehensive services.

INTEGRAL PROPOSAL PETROTEC-AVANTUB-PROPESA

  • Head Inspection
  • Maintenance Procure and / or Substitution
  • Calibration
  • Fishing Work
  • Opening and Closing of Shirts
  • Tamponade and Abandonment
  • Induction
  • Procurement and operation of TF (for cleaning, cementing, well control, logging, sand blasting, TCP system, selective stimulation, grinding)
  • Speed String
  • Installation of Mechanical Pumping assisted by Flexible Pipe
  • Injection and dosage of treatments for the Assurance and improvement of production conditions
  • System Operation and Maintenance.

Information

  • It operates in adverse conditions, where other SAPs cannot operate (presence of sand, viscous fluids, deposits and encrustations, low fluid level, etc.)
  • Operation in deviated wells (up to 35 °)
  • Offers significant energy savings (greater than 40%)
  • Quick Installation (12 hrs. Avg.)
  • Fluid Treatment in joint operation with the BM.
  • Possibility of producing through TF (avoids rig change)
  • Continuous operation demonstrated for 1 year, without manifest affectation in TF.
  • Well and pump cleaning by TF.
  • Good pumping speed range (0.5 to 5 emp)
  • Option to operate 2 systems with a single power unit.
  • Large load capacity (> 60,000 lb)
  • Subsurface Pump Installation with TF equipment.
  • Ease of adjustment of operating conditions.
  • Real-time TF surface dynamometric chart arrangement.
  • Operating potential @ 4000 m (according to stress simulation)

Why the BM System with TF?

TECHNOLOGY SUCCESSFULLY TESTED ON ASSETS:

TERTIARY OIL OF THE GULF (APATG)
POZA RICA-ALTAMIRA (APPRA)
ACORN-JUJO (APBJ)

By means of Approving Reports of Technological Test endorsed by the Sub-Directorate of Technical Resources Management, through the Management of Technological Projects Management, PEP.

  • Depths: 1612, 1660, 1605, 1481, 2115, 2139, 2098 mv.
  • Pre-installation conditions:
  • Closed with possibilities or pending SAP.
  • Wells Closed by TP-TR Communication.
  • Wells with high viscosity fluids.
  • Energy Consumption: 354 – 444 KWatt-h / day (UBM = 650 KWatt-h / day)
  • Operational Reliability Indices> 97%
  • Incremental Expenses: 23.85, 52, 31, 43 and 158 bpd
  • Pumping Speeds: 0.5-5 epm
  • Stroke: 240 ”
  • Production by TF 1 ½ “
  • Additive Injection by TF

INTEGRAL PROPOSAL PETROTEC-AVANTUB-PROPESA

  • Head Inspection
  • Maintenance Procurement and / or Substitution
  • Calibration
  • Fishing Work
  • Opening and Closing of Shirts
  • Tamponade and Abandonment
  • Induction
  • Procurement and operation of TF (for cleaning, cementing, well control, logging, sand blasting, TCP system, selective stimulation, grinding)
  • Speed ​​String
  • Installation of Mechanical Pumping assisted by Flexible Pipe
  • Injection and dosage of treatments for the Assurance and improvement of production conditions
  • System Operation and Maintenance.

POSSIBLE UNIVERSE OF OPERATIONS AND SERVICES

  • Head Inspection
  • Testing and Maintenance
  • Procurement and / or replacement of Valves and / or Tree
  • Calibration
  • Fishing Work
  • Opening and Closing of Shirts
  • Buffering and Abandonment
  • Induction
  • Procurement and operation of TF (for cleaning, cementing, well control, logging, sand blasting, TCP system, selective stimulation, grinding)
  • Speed ​​String
  • Installation of Mechanical Pumping assisted by Flexible Pipe
  • Injection and dosage of treatments for the Assurance and improvement of production conditions
  • System Operation and Maintenance

SCENARIOS OF ANALYSIS

Below are the application scenarios of the comprehensive services that, by way of example and not limitation, are intended to show the potential benefits of their implementation. They are analysis exercises to envision the possible cash flows generated by various applications.

The certainty of the real scenarios will be a function of the documentary information and the characterization of the areas susceptible to implementation. For this reason, the recommended application conditions are also set out.

Detail of the Analysis Services

Repair or change

1 to 2 valves

Visual inspection and pressure monitoring

Cleaning and conditioning the rear well

“Preventive Maintenance” Production shaft valve lubrication

Hydrostatic tests to the production tree.

Screw in and out of flange hardware.

2 1/16 ”5M gate valve supply, and R-24 metal ring

2 1/16 ”5M Flanges and 7/8” x 6 ½ ”B7 2H Studs

Installation or removal of VR plug with pressure control equipment.

Installation or Recovery of type “H” back pressure valve

PETROTEC

Well Calibration with TF

Procurement and operation of TF for Well cleaning service

AVANTUB

Installation of Mechanical Pumping assisted by Flexible Pipe

Injection and dosage of treatments for the Assurance and improvement of production conditions. Dosage of 100 lt / day of flow improver.

Operation and Maintenance of the BM c / TF System.