Advanced Technology of the Future

The development of technology continues to grow rapidly, its innovations are also tailored to human needs to make life easier. Today, almost all daily activities depend on technology. Starting from washing clothes to cooking.

The many and growing needs of humans make scientists also create new sophisticated technologies. Sooner or later, in the future it could be that all needs can be met using the most advanced technology.

In fact, in 2023, some technologies that were previously only a concept can already be enjoyed by the public. For example, mobile phones with transparent bodies, smart shoes, and driverless cars.

Here are some rows of advanced technology in the future that might materialise.

Advanced Future Technology

Well, want to know the most advanced future technology that has been or will be realised? Check out some of the amazing technologies that were only a fantasy but are now a reality:

1. Nothing Phone

In 2022, a technology company from London made a new innovation in smartphones called Nothing Phone 1. Different from the usual smartphones, Nothing Phone has a transparent body that shows the inside of the machine and uses a frame made of recycled aluminium.

In addition, the presence of LEDs at the end of the Nothing Phone provides its own uniqueness. These LED lights are installed around the camera lens, the top right corner, the middle of the phone, and in line with the USB C port. There are more than 900 LED lights that have many functions, such as notification markers, incoming phone ringtones, and notifying that the phone is charging.

2. Smartphone with Flexible Screen

The future technology of flexible mobile phones was initiated by Samsung. Samsung developed a Super Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode (AMOLED) or Super AMOLED screen that can be bent and folded.

In the future, what will become a trend is not a smartphone with a thin body, but a flexible body with a full screen that makes it easier for users to store their mobile phones.

These advanced mobile phone products can already be purchased widely, such as the Samsung Galaxy Z Flip, Huawei Mate XS and the latest generation Motorola RAZR.

2. Hologram mobile phones

Hologram is a technology that can be used for various purposes such as education, entertainment, or business. With holograms, you can see the visual of an object in 3D and immersive without having to be near the object.

An interesting project with hologram technology was once done to make the audience interact directly with holocaust survivors without being on stage.

3. Smart Sneakers

These smart shoes can detect the user’s movements from walking, running, to hiking. Later these smart shoes will send information such as distance travelled, speed, and the number of calories burned to the smartphone you are pairing.

Sophisticatedly, this smart shoe is powered by a battery that can last for 60 days.

One smart shoe product that you can now find on the market is the Nike Adapt BB.

4. Autonomous Car

Autonomous car, also known as self-driving car, is a car that can carry passengers without having to be driven by a driver. The system works with a special camera sensor that detects movement and the environment around the vehicle.

Then the image from the camera is processed with artificial intelligence to determine the direction and destination of the vehicle. You can see how cool this unmanned car is in the demo video from Tesla!

5. Hoverboard or Flying Skateboard

This isn’t the future anymore, it already exists and is being sold in the market. Self-balancing scooters, also known as hoverboards, will be the trend of vehicles now. Hoverboard works by automatically balancing your body and navigating.

However, the actual hoverboard that is expected in the future is a skateboard-like device that is completely without wheels and can fly.

There are already a few companies working on this, and we might see it in the near future.

How to Understand It’s Time to Consider Auto Glass Replacement

Repair or replacement: when the car windshield becomes dangerous. Traffic rules do not strictly regulate the condition of the windshield, only prohibiting the operation of the car without it. But it doesn’t mean you should forget about the timely repair or auto glass replacement: they directly affect the inspection and hence the welfare of the driver and his passengers. But sometimes, a chip or a small crack in the windscreen makes you think whether to change it or better wait. Suddenly, another stone will fly from under the wheels tomorrow. So how do understand that it’s time to solve the problem by going to the service station, and dismissing all doubts.

For some reason, many motorists do not care about the condition of the windshield. Some manage to drive even when it is impossible to see the road behind a network of cracks. These are, of course, extreme cases, but they do occur. The conclusion in such situations is simple – the glass may fall at the wrong time on the driver’s knees.

No options

Triplex, consisting of three layers, holds fragments, making the glass safe, for example, when hit by stones (there is a special strong film between two layers of glass).

It is impossible to repair such a triplex, thus, the only replacement will save the situation. And to bring the part to a critical state is dangerous: if, during the day, it is still possible to see something through the network of cracks, then in the dark, you have to go almost blindly. Not only the lack of normal lighting but also the brightness of headlights that will repeatedly refract. In this case, the only right choice is auto glass replacement.

To be or not to be

But some defects really put before the choice: to repair or replace with a new one. Unfortunately, there is no consensus here. Experts in different companies give conflicting recommendations. The most careful recommendations are the repair of small chips up to 1 cm in diameter without cracks no longer than 5 cm.

Braver specialists are ready to restore the windshield with any chip or crack that does not occupy more than half the width or height of the glass. Listening to the latter is a risky business, threatening not only the money wasted for repairs but also an emergency situation if the next stone “finishes” the glass, which has already lost its strength.

But most agree that it is definitely not worth repairing the glass again. In addition, you will have to spend on a new windshield if the crack has reached the edge of the crack in the area where the “wipers” work, on the side where the driver is sitting.

Age makes its own adjustments

And here is another situation where the owner must replace the windshield. And in these cases, no repairs, restorations or restorations are provided. We are talking about natural wear and tear. On average, the windshield can withstand from 80,000 to 130,000 km if, of course, you have managed to save it from the notorious stones.

What happens to glass over time? It gets micro-cracks and scratches and loses strength and other quality characteristics. In addition, “tired” glass scatters light. But it is better not to resort to polishing: the surface is almost impossible to align, thus, auto glass replacement is on time.

Methanol To Olefin Technology

Indonesia is a country that has never been talked about in the eyes of the world. The blue of the ocean and the natural resources of this country seem to be a pearl for those who see it. For almost 75 years this country has been independent of the right to power for its homeland, with a population that is now above average, of course, forcing the government to rack its brain to manage its natural resources.

It is recorded that there are 267 million people living in the paradise land of Indonesia. Of course, with a population capacity that is quite extraordinary, some data and facts will emerge which will result in the explosion of the growth rate in Indonesia. This time the red and white country was seriously affected by the increase in population. One of the sectors affected by the demographic bonus that hit besides oil energy as a resource that is quite vital is the petrochemical industry.

In the last few decades, Indonesia has experienced an energy deficit, one of which is caused by the high demand and import of raw materials for the petrochemical industry. It should be noted that the petrochemical industry is also one of the industries that is quite vital in ensuring the survival of the Indonesian people.

What is the petrochemical industry?

Petrochemical is an industry that operates in the processing of chemicals by using raw materials from the results of the processing of oil and natural gas. Indirectly the petrochemical industry is also related to the oil and gas industry or often called oil and gas. Of course, this is something that is quite difficult for the petrochemical industry to maintain the continuity of the process

Briefly, petrochemicals are divided into three, namely upstream, intermediate, and downstream. For upstream petrochemicals, examples of semi-finished products are propylene, benzene, toluene, ethylene, methanol and so on. In petrochemical intermediates, products such as polyethylene, ammonia, butene, dichloroethylene-vinyl chloride and so on are obtained. While downstream petrochemicals produce finished goods that we often encounter such as fertilizers, clothing fibers, cosmetic tools and so on.

Well, to produce all the types of products above, of course the petrochemical industry must rack its brains to get raw materials that are easy to get and economical. In general, there are 3 classifications of raw materials for the petrochemical industry, namely olefins, aromatics, and natural gas synthesis.

What are the most common problems?

We need to know that to produce the petrochemical products above, of course, we need hydrocarbon raw materials, such as ethane, naphtha, and coal gas. One of the current sources of weakness in the national petrochemical industry is the limited number of hydrocarbon raw materials.

The world currently has two main raw materials for the petrochemical industry, namely ethane gas which is mostly used in the United States and the Middle East. Meanwhile, naphtha is used as a raw material in Asia Pacific and Europe. One of them is Indonesia, which currently uses naphtha, especially at Chandra Asri Petrochemicals (CAP).

One of the strategies to strengthen the petrochemical industry, Indonesia needs to secure the supply of natural gas, naphtha, and coal with a clear and structured roadmap, since the price of petrochemical products is highly dependent on the price of raw materials.

The contribution of raw materials in the final price can reach 70-80%. Of course, the selection of raw materials is very important. In general, natural gas-based industries have better profit margins than naphtha although the product spectrum in naphtha-based petrochemicals is more varied.

Coal is also a strategic raw material for Indonesia. With the current oversupply of natural gas in the world, coal prices will remain low. For this reason, some of the coal needs to be processed domestically to produce petrochemicals. With the right pollution mitigation technology, pollution in coal-based industries can be minimized. ( Muraza, 2020 )

Therefore, it is necessary to apply Methanol To Olefin technology massively in the motherland to continue to strengthen the petrochemical industry in Indonesia. Because we know that olefins are the biggest need in the production process in the petrochemical industry.

Getting to Know Mehanol To Olefin Technology

The Methanol to Hydrocarbon process was discovered in Mobil Oil in 1977. This process is used to convert methanol into products such as olefins and gasoline. The first methanol can be obtained from coal or natural gas. In the Methanol to Olefin (MTO) process, methanol is then converted to olefins such as ethylene and propylene. Olefins can be reacted to produce polyolefins, which are used to make many plastic materials. Honeywell’s advertised MTO process flow chart is shown below.

Of great importance to the successful application of the MTO process is the acid zeolite catalyst. Without this catalyst, the chemical reactions involved in the MTO process would be too slow for the process to be economically feasible. (Wang et al. 2006). In short, it may be concluded that the essence of Methanol to Olefin is the process of making olefins from natural gas, coal.

Therefore, in my opinion, it is quite important for the Methanol To Olefin process technology to be applied massively in Indonesia, considering that Indonesia has abundant natural gas sources of coal.